Japan Business Initiative for Biodiversity
ICT for conservation of biodiversity
The Fujitsu Group believes that activities including monitoring, collecting, analyzing, evaluating and managing information using information and communications technologies (ICT) such as sensing, network, cloud, and mobile devices can contribute to conservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity. The following is an introduction of some examples of Fujitsu Group’s biodiversity conservation activities.
Case 1: Employing voice recognition technology to protect endangered species
Blakiston’s fish owl is an endangered species, with only about 140 birds remaining in the world. The Wild Bird Society of Japan is conducting a survey of the Blakiston’s fish owl’s habitats to protect this owl. In studies up to now, recorded data of owl calls were replayed on commercial software and the presence of the owl was confirmed through listening or visual inspection of the sound spectrogram. Problems existed in this method, such as the process requiring about one hour to analyze three hours worth of recorded data and the possibility of overlooking data due to human errors in confirmation. The Fujitsu Group developed and supplied software that automatically identifies the calls of Blakiston’s fish owl by matching them with templated data of the owl’s call characteristics. Through this software, three hours worth of recorded data can be analyzed within a few minutes, and high precision identification is possible. The results were also used by Nippon Paper Industries to establish areas for protection of Blakiston’s fish owl in the company’s forests.
Case 2: Employing a mobile photo system and cloud services for biological monitoring by citizen participants
The mobile photo system is a system in which GPS-equipped mobile phones or smartphones are used to take photos of wildlife, which are then sent as email attachments and stored in a cloud database, with this data displayed on a map available for online browsing. It can manage data collected by citizen scientists on what kinds of living organisms were living where and when. The Fujitsu Group provides this mobile photo system and cloud services to organizations for monitoring projects to conserve biodiversity, and in this way it is cooperating in the advancement of surveys to protect biodiversity. This system is employed by Tohoku University to survey the situation and predict the distribution of the bumblebee for the conservation of this key pollinator of many kinds of crops. The city of Kurashiki is also using this system to grasp the situation of the natural environment in the city as part of activities conducted under its local biodiversity strategy.
Case 3: Employing a multi-sensing network for sustainable agriculture
The Fujitsu Group’s multi-sensing network is a system that sends data from temperature and humidity sensors and other devices installed on farms to locations offsite, enabling year-round collection of data every 10 minutes. At Okunota Winery, accurate temperature data collected through this system has halved the number of times pesticides are sprayed, reduced exposure to the workers, and has also raised the quality of wine. Less use of pesticides has achieved a safer workplace and lower costs. Moreover, these efforts have lower impacts on the surrounding ecosystem, and lead to conservation of the ecosystem.