Japan Business Initiative for Biodiversity
Study of Sustainable Town Planning
Cities are home to more than half of the world’s population and are one of the major consumers of ecosystem services, consuming over three quarters of the world’s natural resources. As issues such as inequality, poverty, and vulnerability to natural disasters are often concentrated in urban areas, countries and local governments around the world are struggling to find ways to respond to these challenges.
JBIB believes that the key to building sustainable cities lies in the utilization of biodiversity and ecosystem services represented by green spaces in urban areas. Although we have been engaged in activities to enhance the quality of corporate greenery, these activities will now be broadened to cover entire towns. The Working Group for Study of Sustainable Town Planning intends to conduct studies and tests on how such activities can be applied in sustainable town planning as per the SDGs.
For example, increasing high quality corporate greenery that can be pleasantly used by anyone and everyone would also foster consideration toward those in vulnerable situations and establish public spaces. Green infrastructure could also be harnessed to build more resilience to natural disasters. Developing plans through dialogue between local inhabitants and companies, and having the two parties together handle the daily management of the town could also enhance resilience by boosting local community strength and fostering a culture of connectedness wherein people help one another in times of emergency.
In addition, protecting and preserving the natural and cultural legacies that remain in urban areas to create towns with a signature character could foster biodiversity and cultural diversity, cultivate civic pride, and eventually enhance the town’s sustainability.
The Sustainable Town Planning Working Group will conduct the following activities:
- Undertake studies on what conditions are necessary for sustainable town planning that conserves natural ecosystems.
- Develop a tool kit, such as a check list, to advance such sustainable town planning.
- Reflect the knowledge gained from these studies in specific urban development projects.